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Liferay 6.2 Theme using Bootstrap 3

There are lots of people thinking about feasibility of using Bootstrap 3 in Liferay 6.2. Bootstrap 2 is upgraded by bootstrap 3 and also new features have been introduced according Twitter Bootstrap development community. Let's fulfill the wish of many Liferay theme developers to work with Bootstrap 3 in Liferay 6.2.

Bootstrap 3 provides flat design with no more fluid and fixed classes. Everything in bootstrap 3 is fluid to create fluid design. Besides, Bootstrap 3 is available with four level of responsiveness. We also can order columns using pull and push classes.

Here, I have tried to support most used bootstrap 3 component like flat design button, forms, media object, responsive image classes, completely responsive grid system.

Consider following requirements to develop theme.


System Requirements : -

  • Liferay 6.2 CE/EE version
  • Liferay plugin SDK

Follow the below steps to build sample theme.

Make the following selections:

  1. Open IDE(Eclipse/Liferay Developer Studio) and go to File -> New -> Liferay Plugin Project.
    • Build type: Ant (liferay-plugins-sdk) / Maven (liferay-maven-plugin)
    • Plugins SDK: [a configured Plugins SDK]
    • Liferay runtime: [a configured Liferay runtime]
    • Plugin Type: Theme
    • JDK: [a configured Java runtime 7 and above]
    • Click Next
    • Choose parent theme ( _styled / _unstyled / classic) according to requirement. For now select classic as a parent theme.
    • Choose Theme Framework ( Freemarker / Velocity / jsp).
    • Click on Finish.

After step 1, Theme will resemble to below structure.

Note :- Make sure _diffs directory is not created during step 1. Create it manually and copy resource folders (css,images,js,templates) according to requirement.

Theme Design:

  • Liferay-theme
    • docroot
      • WEB-INF
        • Liferay-look-and-feel.xml
      • _diffs
        • css
        • images
        • js
        • templates
      • css
      • images
      • js
      • templates
  • The _diffs directory must mirror the parent theme‚Äôs directory structure.

2. Follow below steps for theme customization.

  • Copy  custom.css from css directory to _diffs --> css directory as per the requirements.
  • Add bootstrap_3.css and theme_6_2_bootstrap_3.css to  _diffs --> css directory.
  • Import bootstrap_3.css and theme_6_2_bootstrap_3.css at the end of _diffs --> css --> custom.css file.


Note : - Take bootstrap_3.css from attached war file, Because It's classes hierarchy is changed to meet liferay theme rules.


@import url(bootstrap_3.css);
@import url(theme_6_2_bootstrap_3.css);



.aui {
    body {
        background:url(../images/cover1.jpg) no-repeat 0 0 /cover;
    .site-title .site-name {
    #wrapper {
        background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
        #content {
    #footer {
        background-color: #ffffff;
        p {


3. Follow the steps to make default layout for theme ( Optional).

  • Create layout plugin by following step 1 and select plugin type as layout.
  • Create layouttpl directory under _diffs directory in theme plugin.
  • Copy layout files ( B3_layout.png, B3_layout.tpl and B3_layout.wap.tpl)  from layout plugin and paste under layouttpl directory in theme plugin.
  • Add layout configuration inside theme configuration in WEB-INF --> Liferay-look-and-feel.xml.



<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE look-and-feel PUBLIC "-//Liferay//DTD Look and Feel 6.2.0//EN" "">

    <theme id="L6_2withBT3-theme" name="L6_2withBT3">
                <layout-template id="B3_layout" name="B3 Layout">


4. Deploy theme using command ant clean deploy.

5. Deploy layout if created separately.


Responsive Layout (optional):

For example, To use bootstrap 3 layout with new grid class ( col-* ). Follow below link

After successful deployment, theme will look as shown in following snapshots.


Mobile View

Tablet View

Desktop View

Large Desktop View


Download illustrative war from below link :-



For more implementation details or support, you may contact us at

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